Paper on Anders Breivik

4 years after his massacre, we are still puzzled why Anders Breivik did what he did. In an attempt to understand his actions, a couple of years ago, I wrote a paper on his manifesto. Finally, this paper has been published now.

You can read it here.


ABSTRACT: More than four years ago, Anders Breivik launched his apocalyptic raid in Norway. His killing raid was not an action standing on its own but a statement to invite people to read his manifesto called 2083. A European Declaration of Independence. The highly despicable and disgusting mission of Anders Breivik addresses us whether we like it or not. Maybe there are good reasons to read and analyze Breivik’s ‘oration?’ He confronts us with many questions we cannot simply run away from: What about the Islamization?  How could this happen in secular Norway? What about the role of religion in European societies? In this article, I will argue that Breivik’s plea can only happen from within a secular society in which the homogeneity already has been lost, which allows him to deal with religion and politics on a very specific basis.  In no way whatsoever, the context of our secular society forced Breivik to do what he did.  However Breivik could only construct his actions and ideas within the (Christian) democratic context he lives in. I will analyze this with the writings of Hannah Arendt on political theology and the complex relationship between politics and religion and a late secular society.

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